Arshile Gorky, born on April 15th, 1904, in Khorgom, Vilayet of Van, Ottoman Empire! Gorky, regarded as one of the most influential artists of 20th centuries, has been credited as responsible for the creation of Abstract Expressionism, along with Willem de Kooning, Jackson Pollock, and Richard Pousette-Dart. Gorky was a refuge of the Armenian Genocide, a factor that has always motivated his art throughout his career. Arriving in the United States in 1920, Gorky first settled in Providence, Rhode Island with his father, later relocating to New York in 1925. It was in New York that Gorky was introduced to the new idea of philosophical approach to life called Existentialism, which proposed that each individual is responsible for one’s own life path and decision making. Combining Existentialism with his great admiration of post-impressionism of Paul Cezanne and Picasso’s Synthetic Cubism, Gorky was able to create his own artistic voice, marking a great period for American art, and linking European artists with their American counterparts. Pictured here is Arshile Gorky, The Plough and the Song, at the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.